Trade Acronyms

Common Agricultural Trade Acronyms

AD – Antidumping

AGOA – African Growth and Opportunity Act

AMS – Aggregate Measure of Support

AoA – Agreement on Agriculture

APHIS – USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

ASEAN – Association of Southeast Asian Nations

ATPA – Andean Trade Preferences Act

AVE – Ad Valorem Equivalent

BIT – Bilateral Investment Treaty

CAFTA-DR – Central American-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement

CAP – Common Agricultural Policy (in the EU)

CBI – Caribbean Basin Initiative

CFTA – Canada Free Trade Agreement

CVD – Countervailing Duty

DDA – Doha Development Agenda

DET – Deferential Export Tax(es)

DSB – Dispute Settlement Body (in the WTO)

DSU – Dispute Settlement Understanding

EC – European Commission

ERS – USDA’s Economic Research Service

EU – European Union

FAO – United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization

FAS – USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service

FDI – Foreign Direct Investment

FTA – Free Trade Agreement

FTAA – Free Trade Area of the Americas

GATT – General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GDP – Gross Domestic Product

GI – Geographic Indication(s)

GSP – Generalized System of Preferences

HS – Harmonized System (Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System)

IMF – International Monetary Fund

IPR – Intellectual Property Rights

KORUS – Korea-United States Free Trade Agreement

LDC – Least Developed Country

MERCOSUR – Southern Common Market

MFN – Most Favored Nation (treatment)

MOU – Memorandum of Understanding

NAFTA – North American Free Trade Agreement

NAMA – Non-Agricultural Market Access

NER – Nominal Exchange Rate

NFIDC – Net Food-Importing Developing Country

NGO – Non-Governmental Organization

NTB – Non-Tariff Barrier

NTM – Non-Tariff Measure

NTR – Normal Trade Relations

OECD – Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

PNTR – Permanent Normal Trade Relations

PTA – Preferential Trade Agreement

ROO – Rules of Origin

RTA – Regional Trade Agreement

SPS – Sanitary and Phytosanitary

SRM – Specified Risk Material

SSG – Special Safeguard

SSM – Special Safeguard Mechanism

STE – State Trading Enterprise

TAA – Trade Adjustment Assistance

TBT – Technical Barrier to Trade

TPA – Trade Promotion Authority

TPP – Trans Pacific Partnership

TRIMS – Trade Related Investment Measures

TRIPS – Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights

TRQ – Tariff Rate Quota

TTIP – Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership

URAA – Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture

USAID – United States Agency for International Development

USDA – United States Department of Agriculture

USITC – United States International Trade Commission

USTR – United States Trade Representative

VAT – Value-Added Tax

WB – World Bank

WFP – World Food Program

WTO – World Trade Organization