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The End of the Multifiber Arrangement: Impacts on Developed and Developing Countries

A collaborative effort of ERS and Farm Foundation, this conference, on January 31-February 1, 2008, examined how the ending of the Multifiber Arrangement (MFA) could impact the textile industry worldwide, and potential implications for cotton production, policy and trade. The MFA governed world trade in textiles for decades. MFA's effective conclusion in 2005 has and continues to reshape world textile and fiber markets.

Conference participants reviewed the impact of textile trade liberalization along the textile supply chain and discussed how these changes have affected textile exporters, textile importers, and the U.S. textile industry and communities. The implications for policy, as well as for world cotton markets, were explored, including those in China, India and the United States.

Program presentations are available below.

Session I: The End of the Multifiber Arrangement & Impacts on World Trade
Shifts in the Network of Fiber & Textile Trade in Response to Policy Change
 Tom Vollrath, USDA  Economic Research Service

The Global Textile Industry After MFA
 Bob Ankoshak,Globecotnews

China's Experinece Under the Multifiber Agreement & the Agreement on Textile and Clothing

 Amit Khandalwal, New York University

Session II: Textiles & Cotton: Impacts on Developing Textile & Cotton Exporters
Bangladesh's Experience after the End of the Multifiber Agreement
 His Excellency, Mr. M. Humayan Kabir, Ambassdaor of Bangladesh

MFA: Impact on China's Cotton and Agricultural Policies
 Francis Tuan, USDA Economic Research Service

The Cotton/Textile Scenario in India - Post MFA
 David Collins,Cotton Council International

Structural Changes in the World Cotton Market Linked to the End of MFA Quotas
 Alejandro Plastina,International Cotton Advisory Committee

Session III: U.S. Textile and Cotton Policies in the Post-MFA World
U.S. Textile Trade Policy in a Post-Quota World
 Matt Priest, U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Textiles and Apparel

Brazil's WTO Challenge Against U.S. Cotton Programs

 Carol Goodloe,USDA Office of the Chief Economist

U.S. Farm and Cotton Policy in the Post-MFA World

 Joe Outlaw,Texas A&M University

Session IV: Adjustment by U.S. Communities to Changing Trade
Recent Employment Trends in the Textiles and Apparel Industries
 Steve Hipple, Bureau of Labor Statistics

A Federal Response to Trade Affected Worker Dislocation in the Textile Industry
 Terry Clark, U.S. Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration

Vanishing Routine Jobs: The end of the Apparel and Textile Era
 Tim Kestner,Virginia Employment Commission






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