Agriculture as a Producer and Consumer of Energy – 2004
Agriculture’s need for and ability to produce energy was the subject of a June 24-25, 2004, conference sponsored by Farm Foundation and USDA’s Office of Energy Policy and New Uses. The conference, Agriculture as a Producer and Consumer of Energy, was the first major comprehensive examination of agriculture’s energy role in a decade. An executive summary is available.
Energy security issues have drawn more attention to agriculture’s role in the nation’s energy strategy. Policymakers are searching for ways to expanded domestic energy sources through the development of alternative fuels and energy-saving technologies. The 2002 Farm Bill was the first to include an energy title, aimed at expanding renewable energy supplies and increasing energy efficiency on U.S. farms.
U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Ann Veneman opened the two-day conference, which drew energy industry executives, commodity leaders, agribusiness managers, economists and government leaders. Their task was to develop a roadmap to guide policymakers in the development of future private and public agricultural energy policies.
Conference speakers included the authors of four commissioned papers: Vern Eidman of the University of Minnesota, John Marinowski of Iowa State University, Otto Doering of Purdue University, and Kevin Lindemer, director of strategy and business development for Irving Oil Ltd. Other featured speakers included Keith Collins, Chief Economist, USDA; and C. Boyden Gray of the Energy Future Coalition. The program is available.
The commissioned papers, and a number of selected papers, were the basis for conference discussions.
Agriculture as a Producer of Energy
Vernon Eidman, Professor of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota
Energy Systems Integration: Fitting Biomass Energy From Agriculture Into U.S. Energy Systems
Otto C. Doeering III, Professor of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University
Current Outlook for Energy Production and Consumption
Keith Lindemer, Irving Oil Ltd.
Session A, Group 1: Biomass and Biopower Economics I
Daniel De La Torre Ugarte, The Economic Competitiveness of, and Impacts on the Agricultural Sector, of Bioenergy Crop Production
Doug G. Tiffany, Dry-Grind Ethanol Plant Economics and Sensitivities
Session A, Group 2: Biomass and Biopower Economics II
Burton C. English, Economic Impacts Resulting From Co-Firing Biomass Feedstocks in Southeastern U.S. Coal-Fired Plants
Session B, Group 1: Experiences with Biofuels (other than maize)
Doug Boylan, Experiences Co-Firing Grasses in Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants
John Sweeten, Animal Waste as a Source of Renewable Energy
Mark Downing, Hybrid Poplar Production In Minnesota at the Larger Scale
Session B, Group 2: Conservation and Efficiency
Mike Morris, Irrigation as if People Mattered: Energy Conservation Lessons from Montana
John W. Worley, Trends in U.S. Poultry Housing for Energy Conservation
R. Nolan Clark, Livestock Watering with Renewable Energy Systems
Verel W. Benson, Combining Electric Power Generation and Water Quality Enhancement in Southwest Missouri
Session C, Group 1: Biomass Supply/Demand Studies
Richard G. Nelson, Estimating the Supply of Agricultural Residues
Kurt K. Klein, Demand for Bio-fuels in the United States and Canada: A Rank ThreeDemand Analysis
Michael Lau, Forecasting Short-Fun Ethanol Prices Using an Error Correction Model and Simulation
John N. Ferris, Econometric Analysis of the Impact of the Expansion in the U.S. Production of Ethanol from Corn and Biodiesel from Soybeans on Major Agricultural Variables, 2005-2015
Session C, Group 2: Farm Energy Use
Elizabeth Brown, On-Farm Energy Use Characterizations and Energy Efficiency Potential
Session D, Group 1: Greenhouse Gases, Anaerobic Digestion and Biomass
Paul R. Adler, National assessment of greenhouse gas emissions from bioenergy cropping systems using DAYCENT
Daniel L. Scruton, The Vermont Experience with Anaerobic Digestion Systems
Session D, Group 2: Co-ops, Green Power, and Ethanol in Canada
Mark Downing, Development of New Generation Agricultural Cooperatives for Renewable Energy Development and Demonstration Projects
Carol Whitman, Bioenergy and Rural Electric Cooperatives
Kimberly L. Jensen, An Analysis of the Residential Preference for Green Power – The Role of Bioenergy
Kurt K. Klein, Ethanol and Bio-diesel Production in Canada