New Challenges in Modeling EU Agriculture and Agricultural Policy

On Nov. 15-16, 2001, in Washington, D.C., USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS) and Farm Foundation organized a workshop inspired by a number of new issues that have arisen in the European Union (EU) and present new challenges to economists analyzing EU policies.

The EU recently implemented an important set of policy reforms, known as Agenda 2000, and the impacts of those reforms on EU production and trade were just becoming evident. The EU was also engaged in accession negotiations with its neighbors in Eastern Europe and could absorb as many as 12 new members in the coming decade. The EU was under pressure to undertake further reform in order to comply with its commitments to the WTO.  At the same time EU agriculture was being shaped increasingly by intensified consumer demand for a high quality and safe food supply.

The workshop was organized into four sessions on the following topics:

It concluded with a wrap-up session that summarized the key points emerging from the discussions. Participants there are still some issues to be addressed, including:

Papers, presentations, and summaries of each session are linked below.

Session 1:  Modeling Agricultural Trade Liberalization in the EU

Part a: Policy Analysis Models

The ERS Dynamic Global CGE Model–Mary Burfisher and Agapi Somwaru: ERS

CGE models—Sylvia Weyerbrock

ERSS/Penn State WTO Model—Jim Stout, ERS

CAMINA (Spatial partial equilibrium model) Giovanni Anania, University of Calabria, Italy ( paper)

Part b: Models Developed to Address the “3 Pillars” of the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture

The Impact of EU Export Subsidy Elimination on World Markets—Susan Leetmaa and Aziz Elbehri

Discussion of Export Credits—led by David Skully, ERS

Incorporating TRQs into AgLink—Peter Liapis, OECD

Analysis of AMS Reduction using GTAP (Global Trade Analysis Project applied general equilibrium model)—Mary Burfisher and Mark Gehlhar, ERS (paper)

Session 2—
EU Enlargement

Part a: Modeling Commodity Impacts of Enlargement

Overview of Issues—Nancy Cochrane, ERS

Eastern Enlargement of the European Union—a General and Partial Equilibrium Analysis—Martin Banse, University of Gottingen

Agricultural Modeling Issues in Transition Nations Under EU Enlargement Using Complementary Models—Philip Paarlberg, Purdue University

Using a CGE Model to analyze EU Enlargement—Sylvia Weyerbrock

Part b: the Direct Payments Question

Overview of issues—Nancy Cochrane

Introducing Direct Payments in Central European Economies—Martin Banse

Session 3– Supply Response in the EU in the post-CAP Reform Agenda 2000 era–What have we learned?

Part a: Modeling Supply Response as a Result of CAP Reform

Overview of Issues—Jason Bernstein, ERS

Using Aglink and Positive Mathematical Programming to Assess the Effect of the CAP—Piero Conforti, National Institute of Agricultural Economics, Italy

Part b: Impacts of Price versus Technology on EU Production

Estimating Supply Response in the EU—Carlos Arnade and David Kelch, ERS

Part c: Impacts of Green Box Policies on Production

Production Impact of Green and Near Green Policies–James Rude, University of Saskatchewan

Session 4—
Modeling Consumer Demand and Related New Topics

Overview of Issues—Lorraine Mitchell, ERS

An Example of Consumer Demand Issues: Modeling BSE in the EU—Wyatt Thompson, OECD

Choosing an Appropriate Demand Specification—Estelle Gozlan, National Institute for Agricultural Research, France

Final SessionWrap-up and Conclusions

Synthesis-David Abler, Pennsylvania State University


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